Saturday, November 11, 2017

1125. Five Prominent Distinctions......!

Dvaita Philosophy of Sriman Madhva is based mainly on Pancha Bedha (Five Distinctions) hence this concept of triple classification of Jeevis (Individual) as “Nithya Muktha, Nithya Samsaari, Nithya Naraki” (Those who are forever free; forever involved in mundane world and forever going through the torments of hell) arise and that is Reality. This classification has a broader hypothesis to explain the human nature. We are but forced to accept that malicious trait is very much present in human beings. No amount of pious hopes can explain away the fact that human beings lay hands on others properties, mothers get raped before children, fathers’ rape their own daughters as the atrocities happening in society today.

Now, the philosophical question is from where does these malicious thought originate???

We cannot believe it originated from Daiva (God) who is the source of all, nor can Vishaya (Matter), Desha (Space) or Kala (Time) be blamed. But it cannot come into existence all of a sudden without any Purvaja (Antecedent). Therefore, it has to be located in the Swarupa (Nature) of the Jeevi (Individual). This is a logical explanation for reality and also supported by scriptures. Sriman Madhva and the other two Acharyas Sri Sri Sankara and Srimad Ramanuja emphasise that Adyatma (Spirituality) is an inner activity of the Jeevi and he dives into it on his volition based how he perceives and contemplates. There is no reason to believe that a Jeevi is destined for Abhishasti (Damnation) alone. All the physical and mental tribulation he endures could be wearing off his Karmaphala (Resultant Fruits) of his past Karma (Actions). While at the same time he is designing his Agami Karma (Current Actions).

Irony is that despite all its philosophical strength the Dvaita school of thought which is most realistic has a few followers. Most of us are brain washed into believing Yang Ying of Zen philosophy which says opposite forces are complementary, interconnected, and interdependent and hence we have a little good and little evil in us. Then, why should we worry about the atrocities happening in the society??? If every individual is same then why do we have punishments and jails??? Or why is declining morality in society a concern to us??? False views do not inspire society. It is better to understand the reality, however unpalatable it is, and act accordingly than propagate falsehood for sake for imposing harmony.

As I understand that the value of currency note does not change even if it is soiled as Sri Sri Sankara feels, but the reality is that we prefer a crispy note to a soiled one which Sriman Madhva points to. There is Bedha and one has to accept it, see even our great Kannada novelist, poet, playwright, critic and progressive thinker Sri Kuppali Venkatappa Puttappa (Kuvempu) when composing “Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate” purposefully left out Sriman Madhva. Every time this “Nada Geethe” (State Anthem) is sung there is an awkward fumbling when it comes to the line “...Shankara Ramanuja Vidyaranya, Basaveshwarariha divyaranya..” which omits  “Madhva” in that line, despite the great Acharya belonging to this region. 

Amazingly as explained by Sriman Madhva our Rashtrakavi (National Poet) Kuvempu who contributed a lot to “Vishwa Maanavataa Vaada (Universal Humanism) failed to display that trait in his thought, word & deed. By not including Sriman Madhva in the “Nada Geethe” (State Anthem) he proved that philosophy of Sriman Madhva is accurate and seem to have accepted that it is in the Swarupa (Nature) of an individual to incentivise discrimination while talking against it.

Philosophy is a dispassionate examination of questions about reality. Pramarthika Satya (Eternal Reality) cannot be modified or adopted to changing veracities of time. Dvaita is in accordance to Vedas which also deals with the nature of humans. Vyavaharika Satya (Mundane Reality) is the touchstone to determine the authenticity of Sriman Madhva’s works and not the changing political opinions of the day.

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