Wednesday, June 20, 2018

1167. Forewarned so that be Forearmed.....

There was drought and scarce of water had not only affected humans but also the cattle. The Pre-Monsoon and Monsoon had failed and it was the end of Badrapada Maasa (September) and there was not even a drop from the sky. The King was worried though the astrologers had predicted normal rain, if not satisfying, yet there were no sign of clouds. By this time of the year the peasant community should have started the agricultural activities. The worried King consulted his Wise Minister. 

“Nanna Uttara nimma Hasthadallide, nimma Chitta” (My answer is in your hands, your wish) told the Wise Minister when asked about the rain. The King understood what the Wise Minister had told and waited for another fortnight. The sky did open up and it started to rain. 

There was a code in the sentence of the Wise Minister which the King decrypted. To a lane person it seems that the Wise Minister had no answer and had left the matter to the King to decide.    

The words “Uttara” Hastha” and “Chitta” in Kannada is “Answer” “Hand” and “Wish” respectively but they are the names of the 27 Nakshatras (Constellations) too. Amazingly they are associated with the rainfall pattern which our farmers keep track. Our Vedic rainfall prediction technique has its own unique beauty for estimating the time & amount it will rain, as it is the simplest and more accurate way to predict rains. This technique is based on the positions of the Sun and the 27 Nakshatras. Off the 27 Nakshatras only 11 Nakshatras from Rohini (May) to Chitta (Oct) coincides with the crop growing period of Kharif (Monsoon Crop season). 

The transit of Sun over these 11 Stars is classified as Kharif. Rohini and Mrigashira bring Pre-Monsoon showers. Aridhra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Aslesha, Makha, Pubba and Uttara bring Monsoon (Mungaru) rain. Hastha and Chitta bring Post-Monsoon showers. The Nakshatras Mrigashira, Aridhra, Pushya, Makha, Pubba and Chitta has an increasing trend whereas Rohini, Punarvasu, Aslesha, Uttara and Hastha Nakshatras shows decreasing trend in rainfall.

When the King was anxious as the Pre-Monsoon and Monsoon had failed the Wise Minister had advised the King to remain calm and wait for Post Monsoon showers, that is what he meant in code words.  

In addition to the positioning of the Sun and the Stars our ancients had some unique techniques to predict the amount of rainfall. Nature gave them indications of rain, ants emerging out of ant hill carrying their eggs and a sudden croaking of frogs indicated sudden rains. Halo around the Sun or Moon means it will rain shortly. On the day of Holi, it is tradition to lighten up bonfire to commemorate the burning of Kamadeva by Maharudradeva. The height of the towering fire and the direction of the smoke (velocity of Wind) is observed to determine the intensity of rain. 

Nature has provided us indications to be forewarned so that we are forearmed. It has been since Vedic times to forecast rains based on the observations of winds, clouds or behaviour of animals, birds, insects, trees, plants or atmospheric wonders like halo around the Sun or Moon. 

Aren’t we blessed???

Tuesday, June 19, 2018

1166. Positive Thoughts Positive Vibrations....!

The ability to visualize and imagine is the special feature that makes my brain better than those of other creatures. Visualising and Imagining is a trait which is bestowed only to Human race. I can do this with the help of the frontal cortex in my brain. It has researched that there are numerous nerve cells in my cerebral cortex arranged in definite patterns, but in order. This visualising and imagining helps in removing fear by developing faith this is called positive use of it. If the same act increases my fear then I am using that trait in a negative mode. Faith and fear can never remain simultaneously so positivity and negativity cannot stay together.

Scientists have observed that a human brain is both broadcasting as well as a receiving station as far as thoughts are concern. My brain is capable of catching up the extremely high vibration of thoughts that are generated by other brains around me through the medium of the space, just as we see in the radio broadcasting principle. Positivity and Negativity that is experienced by me depends upon the vibrations generated by other brain. If I am in contact with a person who is gloomy there is negative vibrations and that low feel pours out on me too. If I am with a cheerful, it means that person is in positive vibration mode and that high elevates me too. In both cases the chances are that the emotions of thought gets amplified. If the cheerfulness amplifies then it calls for a celebration but what if the gloomy mood encompasses??? Is it possible to avoid negative vibrations and face only positive vibration???

As told above a human brain will catch up only those vibrations which are extremely high. Thoughts are energies travelling at an extremely high rate of vibration. Thought is responsible to receive negative or positive vibrations. If observed we are most surrounded by people who love to talk more about those people who have caused harm to them and they seldom talk about people who are helpful to them. It shows that they are negative prone people who want to portray themselves as victims always. It is always better to keep away from the negative prone people. Now, how is it possible to know if a person is negative prone unless he talks to us or interact with us?

Our ancients have suggested a secret that is to pray every day early in the morning. Prayer is to develop positive frequency in the brain. Once the positive frequency is developed in the brain the thoughts become optimistic and firm. This can be experienced throughout the day and we receive and broadcast only positive vibration. Is offering prayers the only means to achieve positive frequency, if so, what is the fate of an atheist or an agnostic???

An atheist or an agnostic can also develop positive frequency; the best way to achieve it is by Self-Motivation. Irrespective of what kind of people are around us these are the two ways one is to surrender to God through prayer or to Self-Motivate. Initially it is little difficult but as we follow this routine it will become habit and hence our second nature. Then no negative frequency can catch us. The best time for a Prayer or Self-Motivation is early in the morning. 

There are a few who practice both, they pray to God and then they say to themselves “Today I am going to be happy, whatever the situation is I am going to put my best potential to triumph over it. I believe God is do not inflict any problem which I cannot solve and no one can irritate me without my participation. I am not going to get disturbed by anyone if possible I will cheer others.”

Saturday, June 16, 2018

1165. Time or Action Management???

“Main Samaya Hoon” the resonating voice of Harish Bhimani with a wheel on the background begins B.R.Chopra’s Mahabharat serial. The concept of using “Time” to tell us the “Tale” was extraordinary as Time is Eternal. Time is the one which can claim to know all. When time is saying you will be hearing the accurate as Time is an Ever Existing Entity.

Time moves with the same speed, it neither lags nor does it lead. We have formulated the pace of the time by naming it as second, minute, hour, though Time does not make any changes in its accuracy. A day is also taken as the reference of Time, but it is only the period of one revolution of Earth around Sun. Or could it be the lunar phase for those who follow Lunar Calendar. Both ways it is the measure of Time and superficially we calculate Time on the earth based on the movements of Sun and Moon.       

Let us contemplate deeper. In fact, the time is not decided on the basis of the movement of the planets. The movements of these planets are on the basis of the time. We, the inhabitants of Bharathavarsha are fortunate to have almost equal amount of daylight and nightfall for the entire year. While the countries nearer to poles experience a large seasonal variation in the daylight and nightfall.  Norway which is described as “Land of the Midnight Sun” has 20 hours of daylight. 

The existence of the time is primeval, and will continue to exist, irrespective of Daylight or Nightfall. The daylight and Nightfall does not make any change in the nature of the Time. Astonishingly though it appears that everything is being managed according to the Time. If so, how then is it possible to manage Time? When we say we need to learn to manage Time is it not an illusion. Time Management is an indication of our limited understanding of the nature of Time.

Instead of focusing on how to manage Time we should give attention on how to manage our Actions. If the time could be managed then why should we be in haste in some occasion and also complain about wasting it in another. Let us wipe out the illusion we have about Time management and concentrate on our Action management. The countries which have uneven Daylight and Nightfall have focused on how to manage Action and hence they are able to be on par with Time. 

Action management requires focus on planning and organizing the work activities of self and others. There is a Subhasitham which says “It is improper to start digging the well after the house has caught fire! We should be pro-active i.e. we should have the solutions ready even before the problem arise.”  Here the Action of digging the well is pitted against the Time when the house is on fire. This says that we need not wait for the Time when the house is on fire but Action of digging the well is foremost. 

Action management against Time management, I know this seem to look paradoxical but if we perceive it from Action angle and not the Time angle we will come to it.    

1164. Om Namo Narayanaya....!

Guru Periya Nambi asked Srimad Ramanuja to go to Thirukoshtiyur Nimbi to learn from him the secret to attain Moksha. Ramanuja went to Thirukoshtiyur Nambi’s house and prostrated before him and put up his request to him. Thirukoshtiyur Nambi looked at him and said, “I do not think you are eligible to know about it, as of now. You go and come back again after some time.” Ramanuja returned to Srirangam with much disappointment and made eighteen trips to Thirukoshtiyur by walk and each time he was sent back.

Looking at Ramanuja’s persistence one day Thirukoshtiyur Nambi said, “I will now incite the Ashtakshara Maha Mantra which will free the person who recites it from cycle for birth and death but, you have to keep it a secret never reveal it to anyone. If you do so you will go to hell.”

Ramanuja was incited with the mantra. Ramanuja’s face was radiant and he was very happy. Next morning instead of returning to Srirangam he went to Thirukoshtiyur temple. On the way he called out to the people and told them to come to the temple and he would gift them a valuable gem which would give them Eternal Bliss. Ramanuja climbed up the steps and reached the top of the temple Gopuram.

He told the people that he was going to tell them about a Mantra that would free them from the circle of samsara. He loudly chanted “Om Namo Narayanaya” and asked the people to repeat it. People were all enthralled and repeated it.

Thirukoshtiyur Nambi came to know about it and he fumed with rage. He came to the temple and shouted, “By giving initiation to you I have committed a sin. You are a traitor you will go to hell.”

Ramanuja replied politely, “Acharya! I know that I will go to hell for not abide your command. But if thousands of people would be benefited by chanting this mantra, I would not mind going to hell.”

When Nambi heard this he hugged Ramanuja and appreciated his broadmindedness and blessed him.

What is so special about this Maha Mantra???

Hiranya Kashyapu had told his wife, Kayadhu that he would go to Mount Kailasa and do penance, may be it will take some years for him to come back. But he returned back after a few day, Kayadhu was surprise but did not ask him the reason then. After a few days when Hiranya Kashyapu was alone with Kayadhu one night, she asked him the reason for him to return back without performing penance. Hiranya Kashyapu tells his wife the reason for him to abort penance was two sparrows. When he sat in the seat of silence two sparrows chanted “Om Namo Narayanaya” and he was disturbed and in a fit of anger he went to kill those two birds which flew away. Unable to concentrate he ceased practicing penance and came back.   

In reality the two sparrows were Sage Narada and Sage Parvata who were assigned to disguise as birds and disturb the penance. Now, when Hiranya Kashyapu was explaining this to his wife he copulates with her who was in her ovulation period and she conceived. The fetus in the womb of the mother gradually developed and happened to be a great devotee of Maha Vishnu.

The Mantra “Om Namo Narayanaya” in the mind of Hiranya Kashyapu when he was united with Kayadhu brought Prahlada to the earth. This incidence is mentioned in Narasimha Purana.

Thursday, June 14, 2018

1163. Truth....!

Sathya (Truth) unfolds through Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference) and Agama (Verbal Testimony). As I understand Anumana is the connexion which connects either the Pratyaksha or Agama to Sathya. For Pratyaksha the sense organ I need is Eyes and for Agama I depend on Ears. If I am a Rationalist I believe only what I sees so for me Pratyaksha becomes Pramana (Proof) and if I am a Fanatic I relay more on my Ears. Either way in both occasions I might be deprived of Sathya as I am depending on my sense organs.       

In Anumana I get to use my sixth organ called Mind. If the Rationalist in me who insists more on Visual Opinion can contemplate on the Truth I seek, then I will know that sometimes Truth is beyond my perception. As a Fanatic if I believes on the Verbal Testament I should understand that Truth is beyond words. In both cases it is the Manana (Contemplating Mind) which concludes whether that which I have seen or heard is Truth or not.

Mind too cannot conclude on its own it will be helped by either my Chitta (Memory) or Buddhi (Intellect). If I see smoke on the mountain my memory helps me in concluding that there has to be fire on the mountain. To know if the Mango is ripe I need my memory which asks me to look at the colour through my eye, smell by nose and feel if it is ripe by touch depending on my past experience. But this is to know about the objects in the Prapancha (Universe), hence it is group of Pancha (Five) senses. 

While seeking for the Truth which is beyond my senses it has to be Buddhi (Intellect) which comes to my aid. Mind is in between my memory and the intellect, if my Mind chooses Memory it will be with my senses and whatever my mind concludes will be favourable to my body due to sense gratification. This is what Yama told Nachiketa about when he mentioned about Preya (Pleasure). Preya is what I, as an identity like which pleases me. It is the “Pleasure Principle” that makes me feel good, no-matter what the consequence is.

If the same Mind is with Intellect, the Truth which unfolds may not necessarily be that which is cognised before. Intellect has the capacity to look beyond the realm of Mind as it is always aligned with Super Consciousness. The output of this approach is Shreya (Pleasant). If my Mind chooses the best consequences, whether it makes me feels good or not, often forgoing a temporary pleasure for the sake of a lasting benefit, it is Shreya. 

Truth is always in the midway I need to be rationalists as well as fanatics by using my Memory and Intellect respectively. Mind if stuck with Memory or with Intellect fails to comprehend the Ultimate Truth.       

Thursday, June 7, 2018

1162. Lacrimal Fluid of Maharudradeva.

Botanical Name: Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb.
Family: Tiliaceae, the Lime/Linden family.

Rudrakshas are not properties used in movies to portray a character wearing it to be a Gangster or a Ruffian. They are Beads of Power with which the Yogis of Himalayas maintain their health and kept their mind in tranquillity. The Yogis also used them for self-empowerment and to develop fearlessness from the physical hindrance on their path towards Liberation.  

According to Srimad Devi Bhagavatam while fighting with the demon Tripurasura who was invincible, Maharudradeva had to use a weapon called Manohara Aghora. That weapon had the consolidated power of all deities put in one, hence it was so powerful and dazzling that even Maharudradeva had to close his eyes for a second while using it. The Lacrimal Fluid which flowed out of his eyes when he closed felt on the ground and a sapling sprouted and went on to be a tree. The fruit berry that grew on this tree was called blue berry and the seed inside it Rudraksha.

A group of scientists from of the Institute of Technology University in Banaras conducted a research to find out if the thousand year belief that the Rudraksha bead can cure is true. A combined research was conducted by a team of scientists from various faculties like Biochemistry, Electrical Engineering, Psychiatry, General Medicine and Psychology. The research proved that the bead does have powerful Electro-magnetic, Para-magnetic and Inductive Properties. These beads are said to induce Alpha State of Mind (State of Awareness) by sending signals to brain through the galvanic cells which results in rise in confidence and inner strength and also simulates the nervous and the endocrine system so that respiration is normal and there is calmness in the physical body.

It has been found that the beads can send Bioelectric signals to the brain and stimulate and enhance the brain to create positive impact on the activity of neurotransmitters and helps in maintaining a balance in the Dopamine and Serotonin levels. With the balance of these two biogenic aminies there is a possibility of transformation in the personality, mindset, attitude, charisma and also confidence of the individual who is wearing a Rudraksha bead.

Is just wearing a Mala of Rudraksha Beads be helpful?? Yes, it is proved that wearing of Rudraksha controlled heart beat and had a positive effect on Blood Pressure, Stress, Anxiety, Depression, Palpitations and Lack of Concentration. But for the evolution of Spiritual Consciousness one can take the leverage got from obtaining the Alpha State and use the mind to concentrate on a Bija mantra like “OM” or a Maha Mantra like Maha Mrutunjaya Mantra.

While Srimad Devi Bhagavatam provides us the needed explanation from Vedic Knowledge pertaining to the unexplained attraction towards the Enchanting bead, and today's Science has scrutinized the effect of the bead, and provided information on how it can help mankind to enhance their ability to move towards a happy, healthy and blissful living.

{PLEASE NOTE: Just as we have adulterated and duplicate items being sold in market, a few in an intention to make fast buck sell spurious beads online BE AWARE of them}

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

1161. Shri Rama's questions to Bharata.

Bharata came to the forest in search of Shri Rama to persuade Him to return back to Ayodhya. Shri Rama declines and asks 50 odd questions to Bharata. From the welfare of the family to art of administration, Shri Rama’s questions to His brother is advice to all of us. I wish not to elaborate as the question we read says it all. Since Shri Rama starts every question with word “Kacchit” (I hope that) this portion of Ramayana is called Kacchit Sarga.

Rama to Bharata:

I hope that the King Dasaratha is well.

I hope you are treating the preceptors of Ikshvaku respectfully.

I hope that a Brahmin who is versed in the traditions, who is intelligent and just, is employed for your sacred fire rituals.

I hope that you are holding in high esteem the Gods, our ancestors, dependents, teachers, doctors and brahmins.

I hope that ministers who are valiant like you, learned, masters of their senses of noble birth and skilled interpreting internal sentiments by external gesture, are assigned to you.

I hope you do not fall prey to excess of sleep and do wake up at appropriate time.

I hope that you do not take decisions alone or indeed with lots of men. 

I hope your schemes does not get leaked to public before it is implemented.

I hope your projects are of maximum benefit with minimum cost and is on time.

I hope you discuss with one wise man rather than a thousand fools, as a wise man can help you in difficult matters.

I hope that others are unaware, by their enquiries or strategies or by any other approaches the details of your discussions with your wise minister.

I hope that skilled is assigned with superior work, an average worker is given an average work and unskilled is asked to assist as a helper.

I hope you are providing daily provision to your army and giving them suitable salary without any delay.

I hope that a knowledgeable person with presence of mind to speak to the point is selected as an ambassador by you.

I hope you do not forever take foes lightly, even those who are weak and having been expelled, return again.

I hope the punishiment for an offence is neither too harsh or nor too lenient.

I hope you are not honouring the materialistic brahmins, they are skilled in perverting the mind. Ignorant they are but act as if learned.

I hope in your kingdom women, farmers and cowherds are looked after well. 

I hope forests, the home of wild animals is well preserved by you and most importantly the female species in them are protected for the progeny to prosper.

I hope milch-cows are in abundance.

I hope the income is abundant and expenditure minimum. 

I hope your treasure does not reach undeserving lot.

I hope that all your employers, in your presence, do not adopt a disrespectful attitude or on the other hand all of them do not hasten away on seeing you.

I hope you are not prosecuting an honest person who is falsely accused of some offence, without investigation according to law-books.

I hope that your well-educated ministers solve a case dispassionately when a dispute occurs between a rich man and a poor man, after studying the situation carefully.

I hope you do not discard virtue due to excessive yearn for wealth or your interest towards religion or by your self-indulgence in pleasure, greed and gratification of the senses.

I hope you are following the common practice, which our fore fathers observed and which is in accord with the path of the virtuousness.

This incidence can be read in Ayodhya Kanda (100th Sarga). All these years I had only heard about Bharata collecting the sandals of Shri Rama and placing it on the throne of Ayodhya and ruling. 

I wonder if we had this in our syllabus in middle school how well we would have had our mind trained. Its good to reading them even at my age now….. I am thankful to my Sri Hari for letting me read them.    

1160. Politicians and Voters....!

At the time of Monarcy the saying was “Yatha Raja Thata Praja” which meant the “As the King so his Subjects”, that is if the King was good his subjects were good. As we are now electing our leaders in Democracy the saying has to be altered to “Yatha Praja Thata Raja” which means “As the Public so is their Leader” since we are electing our leaders as we are. Unfortunately in democracy a person who has not approved a leader should also bear with him if he wins with majority. In yesteryear's we had leaders like Kamaraj Nadar, Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel, Lal Bahadur Srivastava Shastri, whose ambition was to serve people. But today we find it is not democracy but just a mob rule. Real democracy is the one when every individual is protected by state for keeping his views and acting against what he feels is not good to his society. Here we have got nepotism and caste politics. There is no Dharma. The leaders have forgotten that they are elected to serve the people and they have taken politics as a profession and are purchasing power utilising the corrupt means to influence on the voters.

Amazingly there are thugs and rowdies who have control over the mass with their money and muscle power in politics. Also it is unfortunate that those who oppose those elements have to face the blunt of having them as leaders. Ironically in democracy the votes can be purchased and the poverty and pleasure seeking mindset has made the voters sell themselves to these thugs and rowdies. Astonishingly these leaders who have made their way up in political arena shamelessly use the loophole in the law to safeguard themselves from their misdeeds. I personally feel that to those who use the loop holes of the law to save their skin have to be tackled with procedures which are not mentioned in the rule book. When the majority are aware that those thugs and rowdies are misusing the power and defending themselves before the court of law using the loopholes and making the mockery of justice it is high time we need to deal with such elements in a different way.

When Sri Krishna came to Mathura along with his big brother Balarama, King Kamsa who was waiting to kill them both organised a wrestling match. It was announced that the bout was to be treated as sport and Kamsa’s greatest wrestlers Chanura and Mustika were to fight Sri Krishna and Balarama. The entire town had gathered to witness the match. Kamsa himself was seated in the royal pavilion. Krishna took on Chanura, and Balarama wrestled with Mustika. Before the match Sri Krishna told the gathering that the match was an eye wash and He was fully aware about the plan of Kamsa to have both the brothers killed by Chanura and Mustika. Krishna hence did not get into the wrestling ring as a sportsperson wearing the sporting gear. He announced that when the ploy was to kill then He too will accept the challenge as combat and not as sport. Krishna was not a hypocrite He announced initially that He will kill Chanura, as He does not consider this gambit as game.

There are times when we need not go by rules when we are tackling crooks…..

1159. Sunlight and Precious Stones.....!

Sunlight falls equally on Diamond, Quartz and White stone. Diamond glitter the most while quartz sparkle a little and white stone shimmer the least. The ability to glitter is not because of the Sunlight but the inherent nature of the stones. Just like the Sunlight we get Prerana (Motivation) from the Avicchina Mula (Eternal Source), our actions are like the glitter from the stones.

Our actions are propelled by our inherent Gunas. Satva Guna pushes the individual to indulge in action befitting all. Rajo Guna draws towards self regarding action. Tamo Guna will not let the individual know which action benefits whom.
These Gunas influence the mind on taking advice to rectify the way we perform our actions.

Pandavas who had Satva Guna in predominance agreed to Vidura Neeti. Kauravas were attracted to Kanika Kuta Neeti. Kanika was the cunning minister of Dhritarashtra he was learned, shrewd and crafty.

Kanika Neeti advocates to “threaten the timid, bow before the strong, bribe the greedy, kill the enemy, if you want to succeed in royal path”.

It says, “Carry your enemy on your shoulder when times are adverse. Once times become favorable, break him, as you smash a mud pot on a stone slab”.

It also advices “Never have mercy on anyone irrespective of whether he is weak or strong, but don’t display it to world. Make the world believe that you are kind and compassionate. Look for all possible chance to kill those who are against you without them suspecting your actions”.

The Kanika Kuta Neeti is a guide lines to the political class now. Every word in it applies to the attitude of a selfish politician of recent times. Not all politicians have the mentality of going with Kanika philosophy there are a few who thread the path of Vidura Neeti too. If those who follow the words Vidura increase and those who heed to Kanika reduce we have a nice place to live.

Going against our inherent nature is not as simple as said but it is not impossible. Once we know that we are going against the will of nature then we need to change course. It is just the matter of acceptance. Even Duryodhana agreed that his actions were against Dharma and he knew about it but did not wish to rectify his actions. It is just lack of will.

For example both Kamsa and Dronacharya knew by whom they will be killed. Kamsa knew that the son of his sister would kill him and Dronacharya knew his friend Drupada's son will kill him. Kamsa ordered to eliminate all the new born in his Kingdom while Dronacharya taught Dristadyumna the art of warfare. Though both were killed according to what was destined the approach made the difference.

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

1158. Gratefulness or Indebtedness......!

Kritagnatha Bhava (Gratefulness) is a state of mind born out of Compassion. It is not something to hold on to, as in to return the favour, or gesture that has a subtle meaning of bondage; though often, unnoticeable. That is altogether another thing. In fact, that itself is no longer gratitude, but referred to as Runattva Bhava (Indebtedness) which is born out of Guilt. And we know that no debt can carry an experience of joy and freedom but for a sense of obligation. Gratefulness reinstates while Indebtedness annihilates us. They both are from different roots and the outcome of experience is different. An act that is born out of Compassion always has joy and freedom in it, what arises from Guilt will carry resentment, discomfort and slavery in it.

When we hear someone say “I am indebted to you” then it is s a momentary expression and they make it into an obligation, to a point of stressfulness; forgetting the initial intent of an act which was to bring about joy and freedom itself. Sometimes, these kinds of expressions are held on so tightly in the mind that it lasts a lifetime, or sometimes even beyond.

In the Kurushetra war on the tenth day Bhishma was wounded by the arrows inflicted of Arjuna. The arrows had pierced the chest of the grand old man in such a way that his body was unable to touch the ground when he fell from the chariot. As he remained lying on the support of the arrows and his head was hanging. He requested Arjuna to make some provision and Arjuna immediately stuck three arrows to the ground beneath Bhishma’s head to support it. 

Bhishma was bestowed with boon of “Iccha Mrithyu” (death when desired) by his father Santanu. Starting from that day Bhishma was on the bed of arrows for 58 days waiting for Uttarayana Punya Kala. The war ended eight days after Bhishma was injured. Sri Krishna along with Pandavas and Draupadi went to see Bhishma. Yudhisthira questions Bhishma about the Supreme to whom one has to surrender, then as an answer flows the lovely Thousand Names of Sri Hari, the famous Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotra. Further while still on his bed of arrows, Bhishma clears the doubt on Dharma that Yudhishtira had. Draupadi was amazed and gave a sarcastic smile. She wondered how the grand old man of Kuru clan can now talk about Dharma now while at the Kuru Sabha when Dushasana was disrobing her he remained tight lipped.

Looking at Draupadi and knowing her qualm, Bhishma tells her that the arrows from Arjuna had leaked away all the blood which was produced due to the food consumed from the Kaurava kitchen. Here one has to understand that Bhishma did not mean to say that the food he consumed was the cause for him to stay loyal, but the word he had given to his step mother Satyavathi that he will safeguard the interest of the Kuru clan. This is what is called being “Indebted” to. 

Just imagine what a person who says “I am indebted to a Party and not to the Public” may have to face in future…….!

Monday, May 28, 2018

1157. Leaves, Shoots, Flowers and Fruits.....!

Hindu scriptures are written in Deva Bhasha (Language of Gods), Sanskrit. The narration of a subject in those scriptures is done in any of the three Bhasha (Descriptions) namely Guhya (Mystical), Darshana (Philosophical) and Samadhi (Elemental). Vedas are in Guhya, Upanishads are in Darshana and Puranas are in Samadhi Bhasha. 

In the usage of Guhya Bhasha, the subject when taken out of context will mean exactly the opposite of what it used to interpret when within the context. Vedas are therefore comprehended by using Nighantu and the Nirukta, the oldest Indian treatise on etymology, philology and semantics. Vedas are very difficult to understand without them. 

Since it was very difficult to understand they were written in Darshana Bhasha as Upanishads. In Darshana Bhasha the subject is communicated in such a way that the actual hidden meaning is revealed but yet it is not as simple as we get to know the subject in a conventional way. The essence of the subject is revealed in the form of a conversation between a Guru and his Shishya. To understand the dialogue there has to be a preceptor who can unveil the intricate meanings.

The Upanishads which were in Darshana Bhasha were still more decode into Samadhi Bhasha. Here the theme of the subject is communicated in a conventional way in the form of stories and parables. They are called Puranas. In the form of stories the quintessence of the hidden meaning could be captured easily. Hence if a seeker starts with Puranas he can then move on to Upanishads and from there on it will be simple for him to get fused with Vedas.  

Vedas are Apaurusheya, meaning that it is not a composition limited by geography, time and authorship. It was Bhagwan Vyasadeva who divided it into 4 parts namely Samhitas, Brahamanas, Aranyakas & Upanishads using Darshana Bhasha. Then again when even Upanishads seem to be like a tough nut to crack Vyasadeva wrote Puranas. Puranas provide the simplest way of understand the language of Vedas.     

To provide an example of how the three Bhasha were used by Bhagwan Vyasadeva, He equates Vedas to a tree. Vyasadeva interprets further that the Leaves of that tree are Dharma (Righteousness), Flower is Artha (Prosperity), Kama (Desire) is the Shoots while the Fruit is Moksha (Liberation). Telling Vedas are like tree is Guhya Bhasha, when he explains that the four Purusharthas are its Leaves, Flowers, Shoots and Fruits it will be Darshana Bhasha. A common man can only understand if the relationship between the four Purusharthas and the anatomy of the tree is described. 

Vyasadeva says just as the tree needs Leaves to survive we too need Dharma, without it there is no Artha (Flowers) or Kama (Shoots) or Moksha (Fruits). Artha is like flower which many of us think is the ultimate goal, if we are “Alpa Tripta” (contented with few) and stop our endure here we will not get the Fruit which is the ultimate. Kama is like Chiguru (Shoots) which are fresh tender leaves which are so only for a few days. Kama, the desire also like Shoots are temporary they are no longer there if satiated but they are many as in a tree, desire too is short but always  overlapping one over the other.  

Moksha is the ultimate fruit which we all wait for to relish to the fullest.  

Saturday, May 26, 2018

1156. Power-Hungry....!!!

“My son alone should be the ruler” this is how every selfish father would think. The welfare of the citizens is never the concern, only the name and fame of the dynasty becomes imperious. This has led to disaster time and again. A father who is blinded by the love for his son will never see if his son is worthy enough to be the leader, he just wants to see him ascend the throne. His progeny clinging to power will be the only wish and will do anything to let the power remain within his dynasty. The hunger for power and love for dynastic rule is deadly combination. It takes the sense out of the individual and drives him to restore to the most unethical and illegal methods. If this attitude is nurtured it develops hatred towards the rival. The hatred is so much that the individual can go to any extent to stop his rival from gaining power, even after knowing that his rival is better than him. This is the point where the love for dynasty takes a back seat temporarily to counter the rival. The hate towards the rival for a while subdues the love for dynasty. 

Ashwattama, the son of Dronacharya wanted to take revenge on Pandavas after the entire Kuru Dynasty was wiped off in the Kurukshetra war. In haste he hurled the mighty “Brahmastra” as a counter to that Arjuna too shot the “Brahmastra”. The collusion of the two mighty weapons would be disastrous to mankind and hence Bhagwan Vyasadeva requested both Ashwattama and Arjuna to retrieve the weapons. Brahmastra is a Shastra (Weapon) which is used with a particular mantra; the mantra is the code to the weapon and with the mantra a Shastra becomes Astra. As there is a mantra to initiate an Astra there is a mantra to abate it too. Arjuna and Ashwattama both recited the mantra to subdue the weapon. While Arjuna was successful Ashwattama failed. 

Even after knowing about the mantra to abate why did Ashwattama fail to control the Brahmastra??? 

After the Kurukshetra war Duryodhana with the broken thigh is lying in the battlefield. The rage of revenge is not yet doused. Ashwattama one of the survivors approached him and asked him about the next course of action. Duryodhana asks him to ensure that the entire clan of Pandavas was eliminated. He did not wish Pandavas to rule Hastinapura. With the entire Kuru Dynasty and its well-wishers killed in the war it was only Pandavas who could rule Hastinapura as per Raja Dharma. The question was who would rule Hastinapura if the entire clan of Pandavas were eliminated. The hatred towards Pandavas made Duryodhana lose his sense and request Ashwattama to procreate children with his wife so that they can rule Hastinapura. 

Ashwattama who was a Brahmachari for his entire life did not object to the proposal which was against Dharma. This became the reason for him to not retrieve the Brahmastra. This incidence from the life of Duryodhana tells us that the mind-set to cling to power which he had obtained as an asset from his father Dritharashtra. This mindset had made him stoop so low that he never imagined how his wife Bhanumathi would have felt if Ashwattama had approached her asking her to co-operate with him to beget children. The hatred towards others pulls an individual to think as a criminal and behave like a beast.

That is what being Power-Hungry is all about!!!!  

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

1155. Antah Karna Shuddi.....!

My Thatha (Grandfather, my father’s father) had a piece of land in Gauribidanur where he used to cultivate groundnuts. Earlier in a write up I had also mentioned about the important lesson I got from him while he saw him de-weeding and his views about how the weeds affect the quality of groundnuts. Now I could reflect it to the unwanted thoughts which are like weeds and harm the constructive thoughts in the field called mind. 

The groundnut cultivation was when a few yards away from the land flowed River Pinakini. The water was sufficient for the cultivation. As time passed the river dried up and the sand mafia stepped in. With the water source drying up and no other source of water my Thatha rented
out that piece of land to touring talkies. 

The concept of touring  talkies is to watch movies projected on a white cloth which works as a screen under a temporary shed. There is no flooring done the audience sat on the ground and for those who can afford there were few wooden chairs. When we had vacations we would go to the touring talkies. 

Somehow I was not keen on watching movie in a touring talkies. The dust stirred up by the audience while moving in and out of the tent would settle on the white cloth on which the movie is projected. The dust and soil
does not let the screen remain white and this makes the movie
projected apear dull. Moreover the screen too is not still, it is shaky due to the wind behind. After watching movies in theatres in city, one may not be interested on watching them in touring talkies. The screen was soiled and hence the picture projected on it was not bright, it was not the fault in the projector or in the movie reel. Just the dust and the wind spoils the clarity of the picture on the screen.

Just as the picture is not clear on the screen due to the dust on it, to experience the Antaryami within is not possible with a clouded Antahkarna the inner conscience. 

This Antahkarana comprises of:

Manas: which always interacts with the world through the sensory organs and it is called Mind.

Buddhi: The realm of thoughts and faculty of Discrimination and it is called Intellect.

Chitta: the massive storehouse of inherent Impressions (Vasanas) and Tendencies (Samskara) formed as a consequence of repeated actions performed in the present as well as previous births and it is called Memory. And finally

Ahamkara: The predominant notion of one's own personality like “I am so and so” and it is called Ego.

These four faculties of the Antahkarna has to be clean to experience Antaryami. When there is discipline in mind without chaos the Antahkarna will automatically become Clean (Shuddha) as crystal, with a crystal clear Antahkarna, the veil of Ignorance (Maya) which is like the dust on the screen is lifted. With the veil of Ignorance gone Antaryami, the in-dwelling entity in every individual like water in the depths of the earth is sure to grace the Mind with His vision.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

1154. Inspire or Control.....!

Prerana (Inspiration) and Niyantrana (Control) are two actions which have the same result but have different approach. A person who is transparent, selfless and resourceful can influence others and the one who has status, money and power can have others in control. Prerana is the accomplishment that motivates the receiving party and Niyantrana is the act of exploitation towards the receiving party. Influence can encourage others even without position; to inflict fear control has to have a position or status. A personality that can influence others is human-friendly while the controlling personality takes refuge in terror tactics. Those who conduct on controlling can gain upper hand over those who influence.

In Mahabharata the sons of Pandu were great inspiration to their subjects but the sons of Dritarashtra were controlling them. The ability to inspire by Pandavas was the trait which was like the thorn in the flesh for Duryodhana so he threw them out of Hastinapura by manipulating.  In Gokula Sri Krishna the inspired people of Brundavana as he moved around even when He was not a ruler. He was neither King nor the commander of the Yadavas, yet He was the most inspirational personality among Yadavas. His influence had earned him the affection of those people which He would not lose.

Kamsa, the ruler of the Vrishni Kingdom had the power of position by controlling his people. Therefore he was always worried about losing control and had Chanura and Mushthika to create fear. The guarantee of position got by control has the fear of losing it, and when it is lost, it gives rise to anxiety and insanity.

It is better to be inspiration to people than have control over them and always fear of losing the power which leads to creating madness for oneself and others. Pandavas were exiled after grabbing their Kingdom but never did they lose the art of inspiring others. Kauravas enjoyed the power but had inspired none in their entire life. Eventually, they lost power too so whatever control they did have due to their status and power was also lost in war. Whatever power the Pandavas had, they used it wisely to increase the ability to inspire others always. When they lost everything in the Game of Dice, they still held the wealth of inspiring others.

We have to choose wisely, so that we can rise above easily even when our position is taken away, instead of succumbing to madness. Pandavas lost power several times but they came out victorious. Kauravas were anxiety stricken even by the thought of losing power. So they were controlled by their own fear and had no time and interest to inspiring anyone else positively. 

Thursday, May 3, 2018

1153. Bylakuppe....!

One of my friends in FaceBook wanted to know why Buddhism is not No.1 religion while Christianity is, though Buddha was born before Christ. Ironically some go by numbers to say that so and so is the No.1 religion. We all know how Constantinople, the capital of the Christian Byzantine Empire became the present Istanbul and how Hagia Sophia was converted to Ottoman Imperial Mosque. While one community used its might the other used its missionary to become No.1 religion. What is this No.1 when you lose Humanity???

We had been to Madkeri last week and while returning back to Bengaluru we visited a place which is near Kushalnagar to the west of Mysore. If Dharamsala in Himachal Pradesh is the host to the Tibetan Buddhists in search of peace, tranquillity and spiritual guidance this place in Karnataka has two Settlements of Tibetan Buddhists. The two Tibetan refugee settlements started in the year 1961 and 1969 respectively has now grown into a full-fledged town housing the largest Tibetan population outside of Dharamsala in India. During the Chinese aggression in 1958 as many as 1,50,000 Tibetan refugees spread out all over the world with a more than a 1,00,000 settling in different parts of India.

Karnataka was one of the southern states to open up settlements for the Tibetans in villages like Bylakuppe, Hunsur, Mundgod and Kollegal. Bylakuppe which is 80 kms from Mysore is the host to a largest Tibetan community in exile with about 40,000 people in settlements containing monasteries, kindergarten to higher level secondary schools, health care clinics, hospital with traditional Tibetan medical facility and also a court within. The settlement is spread over 3000 acre which was leased by the then Government of Mysore. In 1966, 4,000 acres of forest land near Mundgod in Uttara Kannada district was allotted to about 15,000 Tibetan refugees followed by the establishment of two more the Rabgayling settlement in Gurupura village near Hunsur and Dhondenling at Oderapalya near Kollegal. Currently, the population of Tibetan refugees in India is estimated to be around 1.5 lakh and Karnataka has the largest number, estimated at 45%. It has been 50 years and the second generation of those Tibetan Refugees are living happily and most importantly without fear. This is the culture of my land India; we Hindus do not use might or ministry to make Hinduism No.1 in the first place we do not believe in No.1 as we welcome any religion or any philosophy.   

Vast open lands with Tibetan houses and colourful flags fluttering in front of the monasteries welcome us. The most popular and visited monastery is Namdroling, which can be sighted from a distance. As it was a day after Buddha Jayanthi we were not allowed inside the shrine as there was some rituals being performed. The volunteer there talked to us in fluent Kannada and explained it to us. We could peep inside through the window to have a glimpse of the 60 foot tall statue of Buddha flanked by Padmasambhava and Amitayus on either side sitting serenely amidst the colourful paintings, sculptures and small statues. The statues they say are made of copper and plated with gold ……and they are amazing!!!

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

1152. What is Doership???

In one of my write up I had mentioned that without the grace of God nothing happens and in another post I had wrote that our will power make everything happen. Some of my reader friends pointed out to me that I had created a bit of confusion with this contrary statements. One of my friend messaged asking me who was the real Kartru (doer)???

To answer this we need to know what Kartruttva Bhava (Doership) is all about. Lets try to understand.

One of my friends told me he has built a house. There is nothing wrong in that statement if we look at it superficially. Anyone who has understood from the language of this empirical world agrees to that statement. In real sense my friend did not even lift a brick yet his statement “I have built a house” has to be accepted. It only means that he funded to build a house in which an architect, civil contractor along with daily wages labourers built it.

In whatever task we do there are three components of Kriyattva (Deed) for that task to be completed. These components of deed involve the Jada (Insentient), Chetana (Sentient) and Chaitanya (Consciousness). The part of deed which involves Chaitanya is called Svecchadhina Kriyattva (Deed lack of Self-will). Chetana is involved in Icchadhina Kriyattva (Deed lack of Wish) and Jada has simply Kriyattva (doing the deed). God induces us that Svecchadhina Kriyattva and we use our skills to implement it through Icchadhina Kriyattva using a Jada Vastu (Insentient object).

To explain better let me take you to the T20 World Cup Final 2007, India and Pakistan were contesting for the trophy. India batted first and made 157 runs. Chasing the score Pakistan at the last over needed 13 runs. Misbah-ul-Haq was batting and most importantly Pakistan had the last pair at the crease. Joginder Sharma was the blower to bowl the last over. First ball of the last over was a wide and the next ball was a dot ball. Next ball was hit for a six over the head of the bowler.  The equation came down to 6 runs in 4 balls with Misbah at 43 not out.

M.S Dhoni ran up to the blower Joginder Sharma and said “You bowl confidently, even if anything goes wrong, I am there.” Joginder ran in to blow and saw Misbah getting ready to scoop the ball expecting a fast bouncer. Joginder slowed down his pace and at the last moment removed his thumb from the ball and bowled a bit slower delivery. The ball went up in the air and Sreesanth was there to catch the ball. India won the finals.

Here Dhoni, Joginder and the ball completed the task.  Dhoni gave the instructions Joginder followed it and the ball did the rest. Dhoni had the Svecchadhina Kriyattva hence he inspired the blower, which is what God does to us all. But only few like Joginder will get the inspiration and blow using their skills and the implements they have, which is a ball here.

Not all the times these three bring in success, this Kartruttva Bhava (Doership) end at finishing the task, to say, here the ball hitting Misbah’s bat. Ball going up in the air and fielder coming under it is a different story altogether. Yoga (Fortune) plays a pivotal role after that.

Sometimes Yoga (Fortune) and Yogyatha (Deservance) go hand in hand like how the slower delivery was spooned up to be caught. Few times Yoga favours even without Yogyathe that is when a bad ball fetches a wicket. Many times Yogyathe does not yield Yoga hence a beautiful delivery doesn't help pick wicket.