What is ETERNAL TRUTH???
Mankind has witnessed many philosophers presenting their philosophies on Truth, but we human have failed to understand them. Every religion claims that they have the “TRUTH” in their religious books. If that is the case, why do we fail to see Truth in the religious books of other religion? Why doesn’t the whole world accept any one version of the “Truth”?
I have always wondered about this word “Truth” which we here in Sanatana Dharma know it as Satya. But many of us confuse it to Vastava (Fact) or sometimes even to Rta (Eternal Truth). To understand the interrelationship between these three namely Vastava, Satya and Rta let us consider this analogy: There is a mango tree in my factory and it is filled with mangoes in month of April-May. When a visitor comes to my factory and enquires about the tree in November-December, I will tell him that it is mango tree and it bears fruits in Apirl-May. This is Fact as he would believe what I say. The Truth in my statement is that when I tell him that it is a mango tree. It is true and he can verify by seeing the leaves of the tree. Now, I mentioned to him about Mango Tree but I need not tell him it is a TREE. He can be absolutely sure that I am showing him a tree and nothing else at all. Just as our Manas (Mind) and Chaitanya (Consciousness) has got amalgamated, this word “MANGO TREE” too has. Hence there is a bit confusion.
A fact has many pramana (Dimensions) like our body which modify with time and Truth too has a minimum of two as it is dvandva (Dual) like our mind which always flip flop. Rta is changeless and eternal like the Atma present in us. While Vastava and Satya depend on external factors, Rta is independent, without attributes, permanent and pure. There may be different dimensions in understanding the way we approach life and the intricacies in it but, every single individual has to accept that there is one without a second and this is Rta.
Is ‘Truth” a relative thing that all of us experience at an individual level? The answer to this is given in this great statement in Chandogya Upanishad, “Sad Eva Saumya Idam Agrasid Ekam eva Advitiyam.” That Eternal Truth which we call Brahman goes beyond our own definitions and experience and it is like I am making a try to define words like “love” or “reality” which depends on how rest can understand. That is why Veda says, “Yato Vacho Nivartante, Aprapya Manasa Saha” (Words turn back along with the Mind, failing to reach Brahman).