Saturday, June 7, 2014

486. Let's Welcome South-West Monsoon Rains with Open Arms…….

The arrival of South-West Monsoon (“Mungaru Male” in Kannada) sets India's agricultural economy wheel rolling. The peasant class in India waits for the cloud to form with hope of prosperity in the near future so the arrival of monsoon is like arrival of life and they wish that the Rain God would open up and shower abundance to them. The sight of the clouds gets the place moving with agricultural activity like tilling and sowing seeds. The South-West Monsoon also brings enthusiasm to the cattles, as they get more water to drink and fresh green grass to munch to fill the stomach and produce plenty of milk. The Sun hides behind the veil of cloud and the summer heat waves subsides. There is cool breeze and this South-West monsoon does not just bring in rain but it brings a lot of joy and people of India starts rejuvenating.

It is quite interesting to know from where this South-West monsoon clouds come to our country? 


This South-West monsoon travels thousands of miles from its place of origin off the Madagascar coast. It is from here it gets deflected to India and move towards Tibet in September to get back to its final destination in Madagascar again. According to meteorologists the land in Indian subcontinent heats up in the month of May due to summer heat while the ocean surrounding does not heat up as fast as the land. The hot wind over the land mass rises creating a low pressure area. The wind from the high pressure area will rush to fill the void created by the low pressure. The jet stream formed due to the difference in wind temperature brings moisture laden clouds from high pressure area to India, hitting from South-West direction starting from Kerala, the Gods own country. This is the reason why the monsoon is called “South-West monsoon”. The entire Indian plateau gets rain till end of September.

However, by September the clouds loses most of their moisture and as temperature starts dropping in September, a high pressure area gets formed over Tibet, known as Tibetan High. Then the anti-cyclone movement over Tibet pushes the winds along with the condensed water vapours coming from Bay of Bengal to assume an easterly direction, creating an easterly tropical jet which takes the clouds back to the coast of Madagascar. The entire cycle of formation and departure is going on for thousands of years.

Once a foreign tourist asked a Sadhu in Himalayas as to why Indians revered Ganga so much. The Sadhu replied Ganges water was that which Lord Brahma used to wash the foot of Maha Vishnu when he assumed the form of Trivikrama. Ganga water has the touch of the Palm of Brahma, Foot of Vishnu and while coming down to Mrtityuloka (Earth) it fell on the Head of Mahadev, so it has the divine touch of the Holy Trinity, hence it was sacred for every Hindu. The foreigner smiled at the reply and said that episode happened many many ages back and do Indians believe that water that washed the foot of Maha Vishnu still remain in Ganga. The Sadhu replied that in India among Hindus there is strong belief that the water that washed the foot of Maha Vishnu is still in the Ganga. Even though the waters of Ganga merged into ocean they recollect as clouds due to evaporation and transpiration. It is the duty of Vayuputra Hanuman, the son of Wind God to see that the water collected in the clouds is redistributed to the same catchment area. The Cauvery basin gets rain from the clouds formed from the water of Cauvery, Krishna basin of waters from Krishna and Ganga basin from water of Ganga. Hence we consider that waters of Ganga are the same even though they are of ages.

The foreigner might have thought it to be ridiculous but as Indians and Hindus it is time to ponder on the words of Sadhu, does not wind pressure causes the South-West monsoon clouds to open up in that very particular catchment area every year? It may be noted that many of our rivers merge with Bay of Bengal. …. So what the Sadhu must be talking is scientifically, geographically and logically correct....isn't it?….. What say??

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