Jnana, the knowledge according to spiritual terms signifies becoming aware of the Absolute Truth of the Cosmic Self that remains hidden behind the veil of Ignorance. This realization confers spiritual liberation to the Jivatma from the show business of its mind. This vast universe is limited when compared to the infinitude of the Absolute Truth. All that a Jivatma acquire including the Senses, Mind, Intellect, etc., are subject to limited functioning within the confines of this universe. Even the scriptures like Vedas and Upanishads fall short when attempting to describe the transcendental nature of that Absolute Truth. Upanishads states that Absolute Truth is all encompassing, totality and personification of Bliss and can be discovered only by piercing the veil of Ignorance enveloping it. Once this is done all bondages fall off.
What is that which does not let us to penetrate the veil of Ignorance?
The main cause for bondage is the sense of agency that attaches itself to an individual’s actions and experiences. The thoughts of “Karthritva Bhava”-- I am the doer and “Bhogtritva Bhava”-- I am the experiencer, are the basic bonds limiting the individual and leading to further bondage. Our mind is responsible for this constrained vision of life. “Nirliptha Bhava” -- being unattached to the actions and its results will help. When one performs actions with such a dispassionate attitude, he develops non-attachment (Vairagya) which then would lead to Knowledge (Jnana) and subsequently to Liberation (Moksha).
A Jivatma obtains human birth for fulfillment of desires and when desires do not subdue in this life the bondage of several births continues. Thus the Jivatma gets deep-rooted in worldly concerns with a sense of possessiveness; it forgets its connection with Absolute Truth. It develops likes and dislikes towards objects and people that inspire one’s actions and then the chain of actions have to be met in due course. It is becomes hard to renounce these wrong notions and misconceptions which tie us down to worldly life.
Sense of possessiveness to worldly objects has to shed so that the bondage is annihilated. Upanishads advice that what one should cling to is one’s own self. Valour lies in the ability to stress on spiritual goal. If one is not ready for liberation as yet if the spiritual leanings are more defined in the present birth, it is likely that he is born in better circumstances and gets the opportunity to become a realised soul in gradual phases.